The death toll of Lassa fever in Nigeria so far this year has risen to 152, according to the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control and Prevention.
In its 15th-week Lassa fever situation report, the NCDC said a total of 877 confirmed cases were recorded from 26 states and 101 local government areas from January 1 to April 16, 2023.
A total of 4,702 suspected cases were recorded during the period under review.
With the current death toll, the public health institution noted that the case-fatality ratio of the outbreak stood at 17.3 per cent.
The report read in part, “Person-to-person infections and laboratory transmission can also occur, particularly in healthcare settings in the absence of adequate infection prevention and control measures.
“Seventy-two per cent of all confirmed Lassa fever cases were reported from these three states (Ondo, Edo, and Bauchi) while 28 per cent were reported from 23 states with confirmed Lassa fever cases. Of the 72 per cent confirmed cases, Ondo reported 32 per cent, Edo 29 per cent, and Bauchi 11 per cent.
The predominant age group affected is 21-30 years (Range: 1 to 93 years, Median Age: 32 years). The male-to-female ratio for confirmed cases is 10:9.
“The number of suspected cases increased compared to that reported for the same period in 2022.”
The overall CFR for Lassa fever is one percent, according to the WHO, but among patients who are hospitalised with severe clinical presentation of Lassa fever, the CFR is estimated at around 15 per cent. Early supportive care with rehydration and symptomatic treatment improves survival.