Hardship abroad a major reason migrants return back to Nigeria – National Bureau of Statistics

A new report by the National Bureau of Statistics says about 48% of migrants came to Nigeria based on hardship abroad.

This statistic was contained in a report by the NBS titled ‘Awareness and Perception of Intending and Returned Migrant on the Dangers of Irregular Migration 2022’.

The report featured a total of 2,400 households, who were sampled from six states from each geopolitical zone, namely: Anambra, Edo, Lagos, Benue, Gombe, and Kano.


On the reason for migrants coming back to Nigeria, the report stated;

“Some of the major factors that cause the return of migrants are captured in figure 5.6. Hardship accounted for 48.0 per cent as the major reason for the return of migrants, followed by deceit at 20.1 per cent, while crime was the least with 1.7 per cent.”

The report noted that Kano state had the highest number of returnees, then Lagos.

“Returned migrants are persons returning to their country of origin having migrated to another country other than that of their origin or citizenship (migrants whether on short-term or long-term). These categories of people can differentiate between their earlier beliefs about their countries their countries of destination before crossing the international borders and what they saw upon arrival.

“Figure 5.1 shows the percentage distribution of returned migrants per state. The distribution indicates that Kano State had the highest percentage of Returnees, with 39.0 per cent, followed by Lagos state, with 20.7 per cent. Benue state had the least percentage of returned migrants with 3.9 per cent.”

It was also noted that 24.9 per cent of them traveled for business while 22.6 per cent travelled for work.

In addition, the report showed that about 90.9 per cent of the migrants returned voluntarily, while 5.9 per cent were forced to return, and only 3.2 per cent returned voluntarily, assisted and reintegrated into society.

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